Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
The Impact on Denmark of the two Wars
period from 1848 to 1864 had an enormous impact on Denmark over the
following 70 years.
Denmark We got the first constitution in 1848 and experienced after the
first Danish-Prussian war (1848-1851) a roaring victory mood,
under which national romanticism flourished. After the
second war in 1864 Denmark was to be lectured about our apparent military and
foreign political constraints. Not only did we
lose the duchies, but we had also to accept a great deal of our countrymen being German
and the southern part of Jutland
become a German province.
For the population 1864 got a very special significance. They had to
accept to be German subjects and had to accept society getting
German and denial of everything Danish. A lot of former Danish
subjects were forced to serve in the Imperial German Army during WW1,
aprox. 6000 of them were killed during the war.
1864 was not only very important for Danish defense policy but also our
foreign policy considerations the next 40 years to come, not
least the perception of Germany as both a neighbor and an
The whole issue of the fortifications of Copenhagen and Danish neutrality
policies up to the first World War were greatly influenced by
the defeat in 1864.
1864 is probably part of the Danish national self-conception right up to
Victorious Danish troops retuns to Copenhagen 1850
troops in the Düppel stronghold 1864