Danish Version    

 The Author of This Site

  The Prelude to the Wars

 
The First  War 1848-51

 
The Battles 1848-51

 
The Siege of Fredericia

 
The Second  War 1864

 Dannevirke  Stronghold

 The Siege of Dybboel

 
The Attack on Fredericia

 
The Attack on Dybboel

 
The Attack on the Als
        

 
The Peace

 
The Consequences

 Dybboel 2010

 Als 2010






 


The Two Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864

The Impact on Denmark of the two Wars

  The period from 1848 to 1864 had an enormous impact on Denmark over the following 70 years.
 Denmark We got the first constitution in 1848 and experienced after the first Danish-Prussian war (1848-1851) a roaring victory mood,
 under which national romanticism flourished. After the second war in 1864 Denmark was to be lectured about our apparent military and
 foreign political constraints. Not only did we lose the duchies, but we had also to accept a great deal of our countrymen being German
 and the southern part of Jutland become a German province.
 For the population 1864 got a very special significance. They had to accept to be German subjects and had to accept society getting
 German and denial of everything Danish. A lot of former Danish subjects were forced to serve in the Imperial German Army during WW1,
 and aprox. 6000 of them were killed during the war.
 1864 was not only very important for Danish defense policy but also our foreign policy considerations the next 40 years to come, not
 least the perception of Germany as both a neighbor and an potential enemy.
 The whole issue of the fortifications of Copenhagen and Danish neutrality policies up to the first World War were greatly influenced by
 the defeat in 1864.
 1864 is probably part of the Danish national self-conception right up to today.

        Danish troops returning to Copenhagen 1849
 Victorious Danish troops retuns to Copenhagen 1850
 
The remains of the Dybboel stronghold after the Prussian bombardement1864
       Prussian troops in the Düppel stronghold 1864