Sicherungsstellung Nord
 - The WW1 German Northern Front in the Southern Jutland, Denmark. 1916-1920.


www.Fortress-scandinavia.dk
Forts and Defence Lines in Scandinavia

  

 Danish version

 The Author of This Site
 

 The Background
 
 The Landscape 
 
 Building the Position
 
 The Infantry and Trenches
 
 The Light Batteries
 
 The Heavy Batteries
 
 The Camps
 
 POW´s and other Prisoners
 
 Other Facilities
 
 Other Batteries
 
 The Remainings
 
 To the Start
 
   


  
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 Sicherungsstellung Nord

 Sicherungs
stellung Nord (Defence Line North) was build by the Imperial German Army in the years 1916-1918, to prevent an
 invasion by either landed English troops, or an attack by Denmark
 900 concrete and timber rooms and artillery platforms were build across the Southern Jutland. From the Lillebaelt in the east to
 the Island of Roemoe in the west this very strong and heavily defence line blocked the Northern flank.
 
 How could it be possible for Germany to build a Defence Line in an area that is known to be Danish?

 In 1848 a rebellion started in two of the three the small Danish duchies Slesvig and Holsten. It was supported by Prussia.
 The Danish Army moved into the region, and won what later is known as the First  Danish-Prussian war  1848-1850.
 It ended without a lasting peace, but a treaty dictated by the big powers, England, France and Russia.
 In
Denmark it was considered a great victory.
 
                  The victorious Danish army
               returning to Copenhagen 1850.

 In 1864 Prussia provoked the Danish King, and he acted as Germany hoped, and the second Danish  Prussian War was a reality.

      
The Boarder before 1920, guarded by the Landsturm

 Denmark had a series of defeats, the last at Dybbøl outside the town Sønderborg.
 For 3 month the Danish palisades were bombarded by better German artillery than the Danish. The Danish positions were
 occupied, and only a peace treaty saved the remaining troops at the little island of Als.

 This peace meant, that Denmark lost the southern part of Jutland, 20 % of the territory, and overnight the Danish population in
 the area became German
subjects. The Area was considered German, the names of the cities were changed and the Danish flag
 forbidden
.
 German became the language in the schools.
Also the young men were enlisted in the German Army.

                      In 1864 all the green areas became
                     German and the new boarder was drawn
                     at the top  of the light-green area.

                     After 1920 the boarder was moved south
                     to the midle of the light green area. 

 At the time the defence line was build, the area was Germany and the population Germans.

 After World War 1, a referendum was held in the area. The people in the three former Danish duchies were able to determine,
 where they wanted to
belong. The Northern third voted for Denmark and the boarder was moved south again to where it is to
 day.  

         The blown  heavy Battery
         at Gammeskov 2009 

 After a short documentation of the defence line, the Danish Army demolished most of it in 1921-1922. The government was afraid
 it later could be used ad the basic for a new German attack on Danish territory. The Defence could not be used by Denmar
 because it was directed to the north.  

 The Defence Line was forgotten by most people a covered by natural vegetation. Some places the little bunkers were used as
 storage for potatoes. But the Danes that had seen the batteries, the boys who played around them remembered what they
 looked like and what was in them.

 In the mid 70’s a Danish engineer, Mogens Scott Hansen, got interest in the defence line.
 He quitted his job, and used 15 years to
 listen to witnesses, draw and photograph the constructions and trace the forgotten and concealed constructions. 
 Most of our knowledge about the defence line to day is due to his work.
 
 The original drawings and other papers were destroyed at an English air raid on the German Naval Headquarters in 1945.

 The Sources:
 This site is mainly based on Mogens Scott Hansens Phenomenal works.
 

 This website is dedicated all the common people, who at a daily basis, works to reveal our common History.

Sicherungstellung Nord, a German Defence Line in Denmark