Sicherungsstellung Nord
 - The WW1 German Northern Front in the Southern Jutland, Denmark. 1916-1920.


www.Fortress-scandinavia.dk
Forts and Defence Lines in Scandinavia


 The Author of this Site
 

 The Background
 
 The Landscape 
 
 Building the Position
 
 The Infantry and Trenches
 
 The Light Batteries
 
 The Heavy Batteries
 
 The Camps
 
 POW´s and other Prisoners
 
 Other Facilities
 
 Other Batteries
 
 The Remainings
 
 To the Start
 


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 The Prison Camps

 The State prisoners were living in camps at Genner , Skovby, the farm Damgaard at  Rugbjerg, Abkær, Strandelhjørn,  Galsted,
 the farm Östergaard at Gammelskov, Hyrup, Öster Terp, Toftlund, Arrild, Öbjerg,
Ullemölle, Skærbæk, the farm Gaardkrog at
 Vester Gasse, Lögumkloster and
Döstrup.
 
 
In command of every camp was a Leutnant, and the camp contained one ore more penal companies, each of 250 prisoners.
 The camps were all near the sites where the prisoners worked.
 

  WW1, Sicherungsstellung Nord, German stronghold in Denmark. The Toftlund Prisoner Camp
                  The Entrance to the Toftlund Camp.
 

 A camp just West of Arrild was used by the workers from the Hönning -  Öster gasse section.  Another camp east of Döstrup
 originally was a POW camp, but was later used to contain the state prisoners.
 In Barsbøl and Ulmölle there were camps for the workers of Karlbo and Hjemsted.
 In the camp at Øster Terp there were 100 state prisoners.
 The Prisoners in the camp at the farm Östergaard worked at the Battery at Gammelskov.
 In the camp at Lerskov, there were 4-500 prisoners that worked at the Lerskov Battery.
 The camp of the workers that worked at the Strandelhjörn battery came from a camp near the railway.
 The camp at the farm Damgaard was placed in the triangle of the towns Rödekro – Hovslund - Öster- Løgum. From this camp the
 workers of the batteries Andholm, Rovjerg Plantage, Lerskov Plantage,
 Skovby Hovslund also came.

 The Hyrup II camp was placed at the old school, in the southern end of the town. When the state prisoners arrived new years eve
 1917, only some half finished cabins were available.
No light and no heat was available.
 
Their first job was to get a place to live.

  WW1, Sicherungsstellung Nord, German stronghold in Denmark. The Commander of the Damgaard Prisoners Camp
        The commander of the Damgaard Camp at Andholm.

 There was quite a difference between the kind of work.
 
The international conventions were respected, and the POW’s were not working with buildings or constructions meant for war or
 military use.  This work was done by the state prisoners.

 The POW’s primarily Russians, was working with draining the moor areas or in the woods. Some of the was ordered to work on
 the farm to compensated the enlisted men. Even the locals were born Danish, the were enlisted to the German Army.   

 POW’s from the camp in Bovlund constructed digged the channels in Agerskov to drain the area.
 These were English, French
 and Russians.  From the camp in Højrup the POW’s that drained some land in Tislund.
Primarily English and Russians.
 The Russian POW’s from Gaböl, made some draining in Bevtoft.
 
 The POW’s were not only from the local camps.
 Some farm land at Gram was cultivated by 300 Russians from the camp at
 Güstrow, Mecklenburg. From here came also the 80 Russians that build a dam at Aarö.  Also at Kastrup and at Tiset Enge
 Russian POW’s was doing some draining.
  

  WW1, Sicherungsstellung Nord, German stronghold in Denmark. The Prisoners huts at the Toftlund Camp
                                 The huts at the Toftlund Camp

 There were also casualties among the POW’s
 One of the POW camps was the Gårdeby Mark.  From here 16 English, French and Russian soldiers are resting at theTinglev
 cemetery.
 At Lögumkloster (at the Tönder Road)  a cemetery for 71 Russian, French and Belgian soldiers was placed in 1915.
They came
 from a camp of 2000 POW’s nearby. 

 No graves of state prisoners have been heard of.