The Northern German Defence Line 1916-18 (Sicherungsstellung
The Prison camps.
Prisoners were used to build
the defence line. It was political prisoners and German military prisoners
(Festungshäftlinge). The Prisoners
of war worked with civilian projects or assisted at the local farms.
prisoners were living in camps at Genner
, Skovby, the farm Damgaard at Rugbjerg, Abkær, Strandelhjørn, Galsted,
Östergaard at Gammelskov, Hyrup, Öster
Terp, Toftlund, Arrild, Öbjerg, Ullemölle,
Skærbæk, the farm Gaardkrog at Vester Gasse,
was command of every camp
was , and the camp contained one ore more
penal companies, each of 250 prisoners.
camps were all situated near the sites where the prisoners worked.
The Entrance to the Toftlund Camp.
camp just West of Arrild
from the Hönning -
camp east of Döstrup originally
was a POW camp, but was later used to contain the state prisoners.
Barsbøl and Ulmölle there were camps for the workers of Karlbo and Hjemsted.
In the camp at Øster Terp there were 100 state prisoners.
Prisoners in the camp at the farm Östergaard worked at the Battery at Gammelskov.
the camp at Lerskov, there were 4-500 prisoners that worked at the Lerskov
camp of the workers that worked at the Strandelhjörn battery came from a
camp near the railway.
camp at the farm Damgaard was placed in the triangle of the towns Rödekro –
Hovslund - Öster- Løgum. From this camp the
workers of the batteries Andholm,
Rovjerg Plantage, Lerskov Plantage,
Hovslund also came.
The Hyrup II camp was placed at the old school, in the southern end of the
town. When the state prisoners arrived new years eve 1917,
only some half finished cabins were
and no heat
first job was to get a place to live.
commander of the Damgaard Camp at Andholm.
was quite a difference between the kind of
international conventions were respected, and the POW’s were not working
with buildings or constructions meant for war or military use.
POW’s primarily Russians, was working with draining the moor areas or in the
woods. Some of them was ordered to work on the
farms to compensated the enlisted
men. Even the locals were born Danish, the were enlisted to the German Army.
The POW’s from the camp in Bovlund constructed digged the channels in Agerskov
to drain the area.
were English, French and
From the camp in Højrup the POW’s that drained some land in Tislund.
Primarily English and
Russians. The Russian POW’s
from Gaböl, made some draining in Bevtoft.
The POW’s were not only from the local camps. Some
farm land at Gram was cultivated by 300 Russians from the camp at Güstrow,
here came also the 80 Russians that build a dam at Aarö.
Also at Kastrup and at Tiset Enge Russian POW’s was
doing some draining.
The huts at the Toftlund Camp
were also casualties among the POW’s
of the POW camps was the Gårdeby Mark.
here 16 English, French and Russian soldiers are resting at theTinglev cemetery.
At Lögumkloster (at the Tönder Road) a cemetery for 71 Russian, French and
Belgian soldiers was placed in 1915.
They came from a
camp of 2000 POW’s nearby.