Armed Forces at the Danish Peninsula Stevns during the Cold War
The background of the Stevns Fort
The strategic position of Denmark.
The position of Denmark on the map as
Cork in the Baltic” was vital to NATO during the cold war.The onlyway out of the
Baltic Sea was through Danish waters. No Warsaw Pact transports or warships were able to pass Danish waters
observed or even firedupon.
As an example, the ships that carried missiles to Cuba in 1962, were
observed from the Langelands Fort the first time.
only route form the Baltic to the Kattegat
andNorth See was the tree narrow straits
Oeresund, Storebaelt and
of the strategic position mentioned above, Denmark was an obvious target for the
According to the
Soviet plans, forces from East Germany and Poland should
land in The Fakse Bay and large
armoured forces should advance
through West Germany and among other
places, into Jutland from the south.
The attack on Denmark was scheduled from the 5th´to the 9th
day of the attack. During this attack nuclear
planned used against the two cities Esbjerg and Roskilde.
the very big harbour.NATO forces were
to use Esbjerg landing i Jutland. Roskilde was chosen as a demonstration of the ability and the will to use nuclear
from a Polish exercise in 1954 The map illustrates an amphibious
operation against the Danish island
Zealand (upper left corner) Bornholm
(right) and southern Sweden (top).
The interesting about this exercise
Sweden was declared neutral, and a
scenario like this would send Sweden
to war, either to defend their neutrality
or on the NATO side.
eventual third nuclear weapon was also planned to be used eighter
against the area around The Langelands
Fort or the
The areas picked out as possible nuclear targets were chosen in order not
to disturb the advance of the Warsaw
The nuclear weapons in question were far too big for the actual targets,
and after the nuclear accident in the Soviet
Chernobyl, the Russians decreased the size of planned nuclear weapons.
Denmark had tactical nuclear weapons stored
just south of the boarder in West Germany, but it is a question if
have the time or American permission to bring it up to the artillery
in Jutland and Zealand.
secure the Danish straits, two forts were build during the 1950’s. The Langelands Fort and the Stevns Fort. Together with
The Bangsbro Fort, an old German WW2 fort in Northern
Jutland, it was possible to control anddefend the
passage of the
Expected opponents, among a lot others, to the Danish Defence:
MIG-27 Flogger D
There is no doubt, that a conflict between the Warsaw Pact and NATO on
Danish soil, would have been very
Denmark. Both for the army and the civilians as well.